Unit 3 Dialogues - Daily Routines and Descriptions
Hi, let me tell you about my daily routine. First, I get up at 8.00, then I brush my teeth, have a shower, and eat breakfast. I go to work at 8.50, and I start work at 9.30. Then I have lunch at 1.00, and finish work at 5.30. I go to bed at 11.00. That's my day!
Hi! My name is Sylvia. I come from Korea. I'm 24 years old, I'm tall and I have black hair. I like music and movies. I also like reading books. I play sports and I study English. I'm really happy to meet you!
Tyler, do you have a hobby?
Sure, I read books.
Oh, I like books as well. Do you watch TV?
Yes, I watch TV every day. I like drama and comedy programs.
I like the news. And I go to the gym as well.
Me too! Let's go together.
That sounds great!
1. Present Simple
The Simple Present is used to make statements about the present time. It is used in the following ways.
- Permanent facts: These sentences give facts which are always true.
It is cold in winter. - The sun shines. - Fish live in water.
- Present facts: These sentences are true now.
I work at home. - She plays the piano.
"I work at home" doesn't mean I am working right now, but it does mean that in my present condition I work at home.
- Habitual actions: I get up at 8.00. - They come here every day.
These actions are repeated regularly, so they are considered a present reality and are expressed in the Simple Present.
Here is the verb "to give in the Simple Present:
2. Spelling Rules for the Present Simple
If you look above you'll see the spelling doesn't change, except for the third person singular (He, She, It) which adds an "s" to the verb. For example "I eat - He eats".
Sometimes other spelling rules also apply to He, She and It. All the following verbs add "es" instead of "s":
The short forms for the negative verb "to be" are as follows:
Verbs ending in -o add -es
Verbs ending in -s add -es
Verbs ending in -x add -es
Verbs ending in -ch add -es
Verbs ending in -sh add -es
Verbs ending in a consonant and -y often change the -y to -ies:
Verbs such as "buy" have no consonant before the "y", so you simply add -s
do - does, go - goes
pass - passes, kiss - kisses
fix - fixes, mix - mixes
match - matches, catch - catches
push - pushes, rush - rushes
try - tries, cry - cries